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Annual Reviews по журналам "Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics"

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  • Roopnarine Peter D. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Rates of morphological evolution exist at several hierarchical levels. The most fundamental rate, termed instantaneous or intrinsic, is a measure of evolutionary change between consecutive generations. Comparisons ...
  • Niemi Gerald J.; McDonald Michael E. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Ecological indicators have widespread appeal to scientists, environmental managers, and the general public. Indicators have long been used to detect changes in nature, but the scientific maturation in indicator ...
  • Lafferty Kevin D.; Porter James W.; Ford Susan E. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Many factors (climate warming, pollution, harvesting, introduced species) can contribute to disease outbreaks in marine life. Concomitant increases in each of these makes it difficult to attribute recent changes ...
  • Sodhi Navjot S.; Liow L.H.; Bazzaz F.A. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Tropical forests are being lost at an alarming rate. Studies from various tropical locations report losses of forest birds as possibly direct or indirect results of deforestation. Although it may take a century ...
  • Badyaev Alexander V.; Hill Geoffrey E. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  The extent and diversity of sexual dichromatism in birds is thought to be due to the intensity of current sexual selection on the plumage ornamentation of males and females. This view leads to an expectation ...
  • Hättenschwiler Stephan; Tiunov Alexei V.; Scheu Stefan (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  We explore empirical and theoretical evidence for the functional significance of plant-litter diversity and the extraordinary high diversity of decomposer organisms in the process of litter decomposition and ...
  • Srivastava Diane S.; Vellend Mark (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  It has often been argued that conserving biodiversity is necessary for maintaining ecosystem functioning. We critically evaluate the current evidence for this argument. Although there is substantial evidence ...
  • Podos Jeffrey; Huber Sarah K.; Taft Benjamin (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Bird song provides an unusually impressive illustration of vertebrate behavioral diversification. Research on bird song evolution traditionally focuses on factors that enhance song diversity, such as cultural ...
  • Nee Sean (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract Birth-death models, and their subsets—the pure birth and pure death models—have a long history of use for informing thinking about macroevolutionary patterns. Here we illustrate with examples the wide range of ...
  • Reich Peter B.; Hungate Bruce A.; Luo Yiqi (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract Interactions involving carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) likely modulate terrestrial ecosystem responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels at scales from the leaf to the globe and from the second to ...
  • D'Hondt Steven (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  One of the greatest mass extinctions in Earth's history occurred at the end of the Cretaceous era, sixty-five million years (Myr) ago. Considerable evidence indicates that the impact of a large asteroid or comet ...
  • Chetkiewicz Cheryl-Lesley B.; St. Clair Colleen Cassady; Boyce Mark S. (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract Corridors are commonly used to connect fragments of wildlife habitat, yet the identification of conservation corridors typically neglects processes of habitat selection and movement for target organisms. Instead, ...
  • Rose Kenneth A.; Cowan James H. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Ecological and fisheries approaches to population modeling share many common tools and issues, yet they have developed quite independently over the past decades. The Sustainable Fisheries Act has pushed fisheries ...
  • Brakefield Paul M.; French Vernon; Zwaan Bas J. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Changes in genes and in developmental processes generate the phenotypic variation that is sorted by natural selection in adaptive evolution. We review several case studies in which artificial selection experiments ...
  • Strauss Sharon Y.; Irwin Rebecca E. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Ecologists and evolutionary biologists are broadly interested in how the interactions among organisms influence their abundance, distribution, phenotypes, and genotypic composition. Recently, we have seen a ...
  • Parmesan Camille (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract Ecological changes in the phenology and distribution of plants and animals are occurring in all well-studied marine, freshwater, and terrestrial groups. These observed changes are heavily biased in the directions ...
  • Snyder William E.; Evans Edward W. (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract Arthropod generalist predators (AGP) are widespread and abundant in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. They feed upon herbivores, detritivores, and predators, and also on plant material and detritus. In turn, ...
  • Pilson Diana; Prendeville Holly R. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Ecological risks associated with the release of transgenic crops include nontarget effects of the crop and the escape of transgenes into wild populations. Nontarget effects can be of two sorts: (a) unintended ...
  • Côté Steeve D.; Rooney Thomas P.; Tremblay Jean-Pierre; Dussault Christian; Waller Donald M. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Deer have expanded their range and increased dramatically in abundance worldwide in recent decades. They inflict major economic losses in forestry, agriculture, and transportation and contribute to the transmission ...
  • Ries Leslie; Fletcher Robert J.; Battin James; Sisk Thomas D. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Edge effects have been studied for decades because they are a key component to understanding how landscape structure influences habitat quality. However, making sense of the diverse patterns and extensive ...