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Annual Reviews по журналам "Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics"

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  • Stadler Bernhard; Dixon Anthony F.G. (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Aphids and ants are two abundant and highly successful insect groups, which often live in the same habitat and therefore are likely to interact with one another. Whether the outcome of such an interaction is a ...
  • Whigham Dennis F. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  The diversity of woodland herbs is one of the most striking features of deciduous forests in the temperate zone. Here I review the literature on the ecology of woodland herbs. The review is timely because, since ...
  • Fahrig Lenore (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  The literature on effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity is huge. It is also very diverse, with different authors measuring fragmentation in different ways and, as a consequence, drawing different ...
  • Goulson Dave (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Bees are generally regarded as beneficial insects for their role in pollination, and in the case of the honeybee Apis mellifera, for production of honey. As a result several bee species have been introduced to ...
  • Dukas Reuven (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  This review focuses on five key evolutionary issues pertaining to animal cognition, defined as the neuronal processes concerned with the acquisition, retention, and use of information. Whereas the use of ...
  • Graham Andrea L.; Allen Judith E.; Read Andrew F. (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Immune responses can cause severe disease, despite the role immunity plays in defending against parasitism. Indeed, immunopathology is a remarkably common cause of disease and has strong impacts upon both host ...
  • Brady Kristy U.; Kruckeberg Arthur R.; Bradshaw Jr. H.D. (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Plant adaptation to serpentine soil has been a topic of study for many decades, yet investigation of the genetic component of this adaptation has only recently begun. We review the defining properties of ...
  • Linder H. Peter; Rudall Paula J. (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  The predominantly wind-pollinated order Poales includes about one third of all monocot (Angiosperm) species, with c. 20,000 species dominating modern savanna and steppe vegetation. Recent improvements in ...
  • Katz Miriam E.; Finkel Zoe V.; Grzebyk Daniel; Knoll Andrew H.; Falkowski Paul G. (Annual Reviews, 2004-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  The evolutionary succession of marine photoautotrophs began with the origin of photosynthesis in the Archean Eon, perhaps as early as 3.8 billion years ago. Since that time, Earth's atmosphere, continents, and ...
  • Stevens Jeffrey R.; Cushman Fiery A.; Hauser Marc D. (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Cooperation is common across nonhuman animal taxa, from the hunting of large game in lions to the harvesting of building materials in ants. Theorists have proposed a number of models to explain the evolution ...
  • Demuth Jeffery P.; Wade Michael J. (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract The role of epistasis in evolution has long been contentious. Resolving the issue requires empirical measurements that are statistically adequate and evolutionarily relevant. We review experimental methods for ...
  • Westneat David F.; Stewart Ian R.K. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Extra-pair paternity (EPP) is extremely variable among species of birds, both in its frequency and in the behavioral events that produce it. A flood of field studies and comparative analyses has stimulated an ...
  • Baker Andrew C. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Reef corals (and other marine invertebrates and protists) are hosts to a group of exceptionally diverse dinoflagellate symbionts in the genus Symbiodinium. These symbionts are critical components of coral reef ...
  • Eviner Valerie T.; Chapin III F. Stuart (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Plant species differ in how they influence many aspects of ecosystem structure and function, including soil characteristics, geomorphology, biogeochemistry, regional climate, and the activity and distribution ...
  • Hedrick Philip W. (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract The selective mechanisms for maintaining polymorphism in natural populations has been the subject of theory, experiments, and review over the past half century. Advances in molecular genetic techniques have provided ...
  • Cole Christopher T. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Isozyme variation in 247 plant species is summarized as 57 generic-level comparisons of rare and common species. All species-level measures of variation (Ps, As, APs, Hes) and mean population-level measures ...
  • Yoder Anne D.; Nowak Michael D. (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract Madagascar is one of the world's hottest biodiversity hot spots due to its diverse, endemic, and highly threatened biota. This biota shows a distinct signature of evolution in isolation, both in the high levels ...
  • Simon Chris; Buckley Thomas R.; Frati Francesco; Stewart James B.; Beckenbach Andrew T. (Annual Reviews, 2006-12-01)
    Abstract DNA data has been widely used in animal phylogenetic studies over the past 15 years. Here we review how these studies have used advances in knowledge of molecular evolutionary processes to create more realistic ...
  • Ohgushi Takayuki (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Although predation has a lethal effect on prey, mature terrestrial plants are rarely killed by herbivores, but herbivory can change plant allelochemistry, cell structure and growth, physiology, morphology, and ...
  • DeAngelis Donald L.; Mooij Wolf M. (Annual Reviews, 2005-12-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Individual-based models (IBMs) allow the explicit inclusion of individual variation in greater detail than do classical differential-equation and difference-equation models. Inclusion of such variation is ...