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Oxford University Press по журналам "The World Bank Research Observer"

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  • Levin Henry M. (Oxford University Press, 1986-07-01)
    Using benefit-cost analysis, this article evaluates potential programs for reducing iron deficiency anemia, one of the most prevalent nutritional disorders. It discusses the origins and prevalence of anemia and reviews the ...
  • Cox Donald; Jimenez Emmanuel (Oxford University Press, 1990-07-01)
    Private interhousehold cash transfers are an important source of income in many developing countries. Among the countries whose experience is reviewed in the article, the proportion of all households receiving private ...
  • Binswanger Hans (Oxford University Press, 1986-01-01)
    The article provides a detailed comparative historical review of the patterns of agricultural mechanization by operation. The first section reemphasizes the major conclusions of the induced innovation literature, and the ...
  • Krueger Anne O. (Oxford University Press, 1986-01-01)
    This article examines the economic effects of aid and the relationships among private capital flows, official flows, and concessional assistance. It considers whether official and concessional flows improve the welfare of ...
  • Ainsworth Martha; Over Mead (Oxford University Press, 1994-07-01)
    Because AIDS affects primarily the most productive age group and is fatal and widespread, it will have a larger impact on African development than other more common diseases. Infection rates are higher in urban than in ...
  • Claessens Stijn (Oxford University Press, 1993-01-01)
    For many developing countries, alternative forms of external finance—all forms of finance that are not guaranteed by or mediated through the public sector—have become increasingly important as traditional financing to the ...
  • Umali Dina L.; Feder Gershon; Haan Cornelis de (Oxford University Press, 1994-01-01)
    Growing fiscal deficits and greater awareness of the huge economic cost of often-inefficient government activities have renewed interest in transferring the delivery of important services from the public to the private ...
  • McLure Charles E. (Oxford University Press, 1992-07-01)
    The tax systems of socialist economies in transition will distort resource allocation, create inequities, and cause administrative headaches if not reformed. These countries have weak tax administrations, lack experience ...
  • Borrell Brent; Duncan Ronald C. (Oxford University Press, 1992-07-01)
    The world sugar market has long been characterized by volatile prices and widespread intervention. Controls on domestic prices, demand, and supply have created an inefficient pattern of world production, consumption, and ...
  • Mintz Jack M.; Seade Jesús (Oxford University Press, 1991-07-01)
    Cash flow and equity income (or income) are two alternative bases advocated for taxes on businesses throughout the world. Although in practice most tax systems are hybrids with elements of both types of taxes, recent ...
  • Fields Gary S. (Oxford University Press, 1989-07-01)
    This paper presents new data on poverty, inequality, and growth in those developing countries of the world for which the requisite statistics are available. Eco-nomic growth is found generally but not always to reduce ...
  • Newbery David M. (Oxford University Press, 1988-07-01)
    The article discusses two theoretical methods of measuring road use costs and designing a system of road user charges. The first states that road damage externalities are zero and road damage costs are equal to the ...
  • McLure Charles E. (Oxford University Press, 1995-08-01)
  • Cuddington John (Oxford University Press, 1989-07-01)
    This article surveys the experiences of commodity-exporting countries faced with resource discoveries and widely fluctuating world prices. Favorable developments of the commodity export market often prove to be a mixed ...
  • Baumol William J.; Lee Kyu Sik (Oxford University Press, 1991-01-01)
    The design of policies to improve economic efficiency using the private sector as principal agent requires a clear understanding of the role of market structure. Contestability analysis, not ten years old, provides a tool ...
  • Markandya Anil; Pearce David W. (Oxford University Press, 1991-07-01)
    This article examines the role of the discount rate in making decisions that will have significant implications for the environment. The authors begin by providing a rationale for discounting in general and by describing ...
  • Finger J. Michael (Oxford University Press, 1992-07-01)
    A wide gap separates the rhetoric from the reality of protection in industrial countries. Antidumping is the current reality of that protection. Protectionist interests stretch the definition of dumping as far as they may ...
  • Birdsall Nancy (Oxford University Press, 1989-01-01)
    Discussion of the macroeconomic consequences of rapid population growth is organized into three schools: pessimists, optimists, and the recent revisionists. For the revisionists, differing views are presented about the ...
  • Psacharopoulos George (Oxford University Press, 1988-01-01)
    The article reviews the evidence on the role of education in economic development, with emphasis on issues that have appeared in the literature in the past two decades: the contribution of education to economic growth, the ...