# Advances in the theory of anisotropic elastic wave propagation

Kraut Edgar A.

Журнал:
Reviews of Geophysics

Дата:
1963-08

### Аннотация:

The qualitative effects of anisotropy on elastic waves propagating in a solid medium were well known to Lord Kelvin. Having been recognized, however, these effects were neglected as being of secondary importance in the dynamics of elastic mediums. This relegation of anisotropy to a secondary role in the dynamics of elastic mediums was undoubtedly justified, particularly in view of the relatively primitive state of experimental elasticity and seismology during Kelvin's time. It was not until after World War 2 that the effects of anisotropy again received serious attention. This was primarily because of the development of ultrasonic techniques for the measurement of dynamic elastic constants of pure crystals. In such experimental problems anisotropy no longer plays a secondary role. The study of how a disturbance, generated by a transducer on the surface of a crystal, spreads through the crystal led to the discovery, by Musgrave, that the wave surface, which forms the boundary of the spreading disturbance, could have cuspidal singularities. This had not been previously predicted, although it could have been predicted by Kelvin had he been more familiar with algebraic geometry. In another area of research (seismology), the post World War 2 years also saw a rise of interest in anisotropy, particularly in the effect of possible continental anisotropy on the propagation of Rayleigh waves. The increased experimental activity in crystal dynamics and the improvement of experimental seismology to the point where secondary effects became important resulted in a number of theoretical investigations into the propagation of plane, time harmonic waves in anisotropic mediums. By 1959 the state of the theoretical and experimental understanding of anisotropic elastic wave propagation had advanced to the point where rigorous wave theoretical calculations were in order. All the simple, solvable problems of isotropic dynamic elasticity, i.e. the initial value problem for an unbounded homogeneous medium, the mixed initial and boundary value problem for a surface line source on a half‐space, the normal mode problem for an elastic wave guide, etc., can be formulated and solved in detail in the anisotropic case. Furthermore, the solutions can be obtained by extensions of the usual transform methods used in isotropic problems. The results can be physically interpreted by means of classical differential geometry. This review summarizes those anisotropic problems treated since 1959 and the techniques developed to solve them.

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